Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that arises from the cervix, which is the area that connects the lower part of the uterus (womb) with the vagina.
Cervical cancer can arise when abnormal cervical cells grow in an uncontrolled way. It can affect a person of any age, but it primarily affects those between 30-45 years of age.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of cervical cancer. HPV is a common virus that 8 in 10 people will get within their lifetime. It is passed on via sexual contact and lives within the skin. In most cases, it will go away without causing any issues, but around 13 types of HPV are linked to cancer. To read more about HPV and cervical cancer, visit Jo’s Trust.
What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
Although cervical cancer will not always cause symptoms, or the symptoms may not be easily noticeable, there are several common symptoms, including:
Unscheduled bleeding (during or after sex, or between periods)
Pain or discomfort during sex
Lower back or pelvic pain
It is important to note that these symptoms are more often related to other problems that are not cervical cancer. However, if you notice any of the above symptoms, you should visit your GP right away to receive the right support.